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Gypsum 3D panels have made a real breakthrough in the field of interior design. Absolutely new and original solution in the design of the walls quickly had to taste to many consumers. If you have not had time to get acquainted with this decor element yet, we will tell you how to choose the right gypsum 3D panels for walls and skillfully use them in the interior of your house, we will consider in detail all possible forms and give recommendations on self-assembly.
1. WHAT ARE 3D PANELS?
Three-dimensional gypsum panels are square or rectangular plates, on which a certain pattern is repeated. The front side of the panel can repeat absolutely any ornament or mimic various materials. The back of the plate is usually flat. But some manufacturers produce 3D panels, in which the front and back sides repeat the contours of each other. This significantly reduces the weight of the plate and, subsequently, facilitates self-assembly. On average, a plate with a flat back side measuring 50 × 50 cm, weighs about 4.5 kg.
The first 3D panels were created and developed in the USA in 2008. Very quickly, this innovation became interested in Europe, and then Russia also picked up, and in 2011 the first own production appeared on the territory of the country. Environmentally friendly, nonflammable gypsum 3D panels of factory quality, on average, cost about 4000 rubles per square meter. 3D panels are perfect for those people who not only want to quickly change the internal appearance of their apartment, but also give it more depth and originality.
2. PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
The process of manufacturing 3D panels, which is used by almost all manufacturers, in fact, is nothing supernatural. Gypsum mortar is mixed with special equipment. It is recommended to use gypsum G-16, which is very ductile and non-flammable. To give the finished product strength and resistance to shocks, some manufacturers add special plasticizers or fibrous fibers to the gypsum mixture, thereby worsening the environmental performance of this type of decor. The finished mixture is poured into special plastic molds, repeating the necessary ornament.
Forms for panels are made very carefully, previously creating a 3D model on a special computer program. Over the creation of forms, artists and designers with extensive experience work. Then the computer model of the form is cut out on a special machine and is finalized to full conformity with the artist’s idea. Only after that the finished matrix can be used in mass production.
When the mixture is poured, the matrix vibrates slightly, this is used to ensure that the material is evenly distributed in shape and does not form internal voids. Then follows the drying process. Forms are allowed to brew for 20-30 minutes, after which the panels are removed and sent to further drying in rooms with controlled temperature and humidity. After complete drying, the product is considered ready. Naturally, the entire process is fully automated, all proportions are strictly observed, and the quality of the surface and edges of the factory panels is always at the highest level.
Of course, the use of modern equipment and labor costs for people slightly increase the cost of the finished product. If you are not limited in means and can afford to spend a decent amount of money for this type of finishing material, then, of course, it is better to buy 3D panels from trusted manufacturers. But if you are used to doing everything yourself and want to make sure that you have a truly environmentally friendly product without unnecessary impurities, we suggest that you try to make the panels yourself.
3. DECORATIVE 3D PANELS WITH YOUR HANDS
Everything is much easier than you can imagine. Moreover, making 3D panels yourself, you do not have to spend money on delivery and worry about the integrity of the goods, and made things themselves are always more valuable than purchased ones. The only thing you need to be ready for is a more painstaking and time-consuming process of installing panels made by yourself.
From the previous paragraph it is clear that 3D panels are manufactured by molding into a mold. You can purchase the form with the necessary drawing on a free sale or on the Internet. Forms are not only plastic, but also silicone. Of these, it is more convenient to remove ready-made plates, but they are more expensive, so you will have enough plastic for one-time production. Next, you will need materials for the casting mixture. They are inexpensive and are sold in every construction shop. You will need plaster, fiber, lime and a drill bit in the form of a mixer to mix the mixture. Fibrous fiber is a reinforcing material, the use of which is not necessary, but preferably.
Let’s go to the panel. Prepare a flat surface on which your mold and container with clean water will be placed to mix the mixture.
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When it comes to the upcoming repair, the question immediately arises – how to make the future interior unusual and modern. It’s very difficult to be outdone by the latest fashion trends in the field of interior design. After all, only you find on the open spaces of the Internet an image of the room that you like, as in a couple of weeks, eminent designers find even more interesting options for finishing. In a win-win way, there is still a mirror tile in the interior. We will give some advice on its use in various rooms and consider its main types.
1. CLASSIFICATION OF THE MIRROR TILE
The assortment of shapes and textures of this facing material is actually much more diverse than it may seem at first glance. The very first criterion for distinguishing a mirror tile is the material of manufacture. There are three options:
- Tiles made of mirror glass;
- Of polished metal;
- Of solid high-quality plastic – polystyrene.
- The second and third kind of material only serves as a basis for applying a mirror coating. The reflective surfaces of such a tile will be worse than that of a real mirror. In addition, the metallized paint can distort the reflection a little. But the cost in this case will be lower. The basis in these cases can be self-adhesive, which greatly simplifies the laying process and the costs associated with it. Tiles made from real glass are classified according to the following parameters:
By the method of processing the edges – can have matte, polished or edges with a facet – cut edges. The latter option immediately makes the cost higher, but it looks very impressive. Sunlight or a light stream from various lamps, reflected from their surface, creates a lot of sunny bunnies or fanciful highlights. At the same time, the interior becomes more mysterious and voluminous.
In form – can be made in the form of squares, rectangles, mosaic elements, narrow bands, triangles. The latter are almost always produced with facet. Narrow strips are often used in the form of friezes or decorative curbs. To non-standard forms include – a rhombus, a hexagon, a semicircle, a quarter of a circle.
By color – do not have shades, that is, a neutral mirror surface, or have a tint. The most common colors are bronze, gold, graphite, blue, green. In addition, there are many other varicoloured options. The choice of color should be based on the style of the room. For the style of loft, modern or minimal, often use more reserved shades. Gold and bronze will give luxury to the classic style.
The surface type is monophonic, with ornamentation, with standard abstract patterns or patterns, which are applied with sandblasting or thermal printing, with a picture made according to your individual wishes.
By appointment – distinguish universal, wall and floor tiles.
To distinguish, from what actually material is made this or that kind of a tile, it is simple on its appearance sometimes it is simply impossible. If your goal is to acquire a mirror variant, then you can determine it by weight. It will be much heavier than a plastic or metal base.
The standard size of this finishing material allows you to easily select the most suitable option – 10 × 10, 15 × 15, 18 × 18, 20 × 20, 25 × 25, 30 × 30, 40 × 40, 50 × 50, 20 × 30, 30 × 45, 30 × 60 cm. However, some manufacturers can offer you a tile size from 6 × 6 cm on request. The standard thickness is 4 mm. Such a wide choice makes it possible to combine it with ordinary ceramic tiles, avoiding a large difference in the length of the faces. An interesting option is the ready-made kits, which after laying form whole panels. They can transmit a wide variety of images or create a pattern using elements of different sizes.
As for the mosaic version, the standard dimensions of one fragment can be 20 × 20, 42 × 20, 50 × 50, 149 × 10 mm. This type of tile is sold in sheets. In the form of the base is a flexible mesh material, on which are glued squares of the above dimensions. Between them there is a gap for joints, the standard width of which is 2 mm. Thanks to this structure, with the help of a mosaic it is easy to revet radial surfaces. Especially elegant look columns of columns, designed in this way.
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