10 TIPS FOR SELECTING GYPSUM 3D PANELS FOR WALLS
Gypsum 3D panels have made a real breakthrough in the field of interior design. Absolutely new and original solution in the design of the walls quickly had to taste to many consumers. If you have not had time to get acquainted with this decor element yet, we will tell you how to choose the right gypsum 3D panels for walls and skillfully use them in the interior of your house, we will consider in detail all possible forms and give recommendations on self-assembly.
1. WHAT ARE 3D PANELS?
Three-dimensional gypsum panels are square or rectangular plates, on which a certain pattern is repeated. The front side of the panel can repeat absolutely any ornament or mimic various materials. The back of the plate is usually flat. But some manufacturers produce 3D panels, in which the front and back sides repeat the contours of each other. This significantly reduces the weight of the plate and, subsequently, facilitates self-assembly. On average, a plate with a flat back side measuring 50 × 50 cm, weighs about 4.5 kg.
The first 3D panels were created and developed in the USA in 2008. Very quickly, this innovation became interested in Europe, and then Russia also picked up, and in 2011 the first own production appeared on the territory of the country. Environmentally friendly, nonflammable gypsum 3D panels of factory quality, on average, cost about 4000 rubles per square meter. 3D panels are perfect for those people who not only want to quickly change the internal appearance of their apartment, but also give it more depth and originality.
2. PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
The process of manufacturing 3D panels, which is used by almost all manufacturers, in fact, is nothing supernatural. Gypsum mortar is mixed with special equipment. It is recommended to use gypsum G-16, which is very ductile and non-flammable. To give the finished product strength and resistance to shocks, some manufacturers add special plasticizers or fibrous fibers to the gypsum mixture, thereby worsening the environmental performance of this type of decor. The finished mixture is poured into special plastic molds, repeating the necessary ornament.
Forms for panels are made very carefully, previously creating a 3D model on a special computer program. Over the creation of forms, artists and designers with extensive experience work. Then the computer model of the form is cut out on a special machine and is finalized to full conformity with the artist’s idea. Only after that the finished matrix can be used in mass production.
When the mixture is poured, the matrix vibrates slightly, this is used to ensure that the material is evenly distributed in shape and does not form internal voids. Then follows the drying process. Forms are allowed to brew for 20-30 minutes, after which the panels are removed and sent to further drying in rooms with controlled temperature and humidity. After complete drying, the product is considered ready. Naturally, the entire process is fully automated, all proportions are strictly observed, and the quality of the surface and edges of the factory panels is always at the highest level.
Of course, the use of modern equipment and labor costs for people slightly increase the cost of the finished product. If you are not limited in means and can afford to spend a decent amount of money for this type of finishing material, then, of course, it is better to buy 3D panels from trusted manufacturers. But if you are used to doing everything yourself and want to make sure that you have a truly environmentally friendly product without unnecessary impurities, we suggest that you try to make the panels yourself.
3. DECORATIVE 3D PANELS WITH YOUR HANDS
Everything is much easier than you can imagine. Moreover, making 3D panels yourself, you do not have to spend money on delivery and worry about the integrity of the goods, and made things themselves are always more valuable than purchased ones. The only thing you need to be ready for is a more painstaking and time-consuming process of installing panels made by yourself.
From the previous paragraph it is clear that 3D panels are manufactured by molding into a mold. You can purchase the form with the necessary drawing on a free sale or on the Internet. Forms are not only plastic, but also silicone. Of these, it is more convenient to remove ready-made plates, but they are more expensive, so you will have enough plastic for one-time production. Next, you will need materials for the casting mixture. They are inexpensive and are sold in every construction shop. You will need plaster, fiber, lime and a drill bit in the form of a mixer to mix the mixture. Fibrous fiber is a reinforcing material, the use of which is not necessary, but preferably.
Let’s go to the panel. Prepare a flat surface on which your mold and container with clean water will be placed to mix the mixture.